Talent professionals often ask whether cognitive ability tests are reliable, and the answer is a resounding yes. Organizations today are highly interested in the identification of high-potential employees. That is because investing in the right people maximizes an organization’s returns. A study shows that a small proportion of the workforce drives a large proportion of organizational results. Whereas the top 1% accounts for 10% of the company output, the top 20% accounts for 80% of the company output.
According to another survey conducted by Gartner, Agile High Potential Employee Strategies - HR Insights, most organizations expect that more than 40% of today's leadership roles will look dramatically different five years from now. As a result, 65% of them are shifting their investments away from other talent investments into high-potential employee programs.
The possible returns from employing high-performers also increase in direct proportion to job complexity—the more complex the job, the more critical it is performed by a top-notch employee. Research has shown that the contribution of top performers is more than double that of the average performer. Moreover, the performance of high-potential employees also rubs off on their team members and sets off a high-performance culture. Notably, studies suggest that simply adding a star performer to the team boosts the team's productivity by 5-15%.
Given the evident impact of top performers on an organization's fortunes, it is clear that recruiters must strive to identify and hire high-potential candidates. And in doing so, they must follow effective and innovative techniques to ensure accuracy.
In simpler words, a high potential is an employee who can successfully manage broader and more complex roles. They have the intelligence, ambition, alertness, and leadership qualities to pursue high-expectation job roles. It is accepted that high-potential candidates drive the overall business performance by contributing significantly, consistently, and excellently. They often outperform their own goals. They are expected to represent the company’s culture and vision and exhibit aligned behavior and skills.
In a study conducted by the Harvard Business Review, the researchers concluded high potential among employees is marked primarily by three factors—ability, social skills, and drive.
Ability deals with the knowledge and skill required to perform the job effectively. It answers the simple question of whether the candidate can do the job or learn the skills necessary. The best way to measure potential and predict job performance is to simulate and observe the candidates while performing sample work tasks and test their cognitive ability.
Secondly, candidates must be good at managing themselves and others. Social skills determine if they can collaborate with others and earn co-workers' support. Such an ability is usually measured through psychometric tests. Lastly, a high-potential employee must have the drive to work hard and achieve. This requires high motivation and ambition and can be found using cognitive ability assessments.
If we put these three factors into calculation, then ability and social skill may be considered a talent. But the potential is talent multiplied by drive, which will determine how much ability and social skills are put to use.
Some attributes that can help you spot a high-potential employee are:
The characteristics mentioned in the above section and the essential competencies discovered from various processes lead to the identification of high-potential candidates. They need to be assessed thoroughly through a systematic approach to succeed in changing roles and dynamics of the companies for the success of personal careers and organizational benefits.